In git, there can be two types of branches; short-lived and long-lived:
- Short-lived branches are temporary branches that are created for a specific purpose, such as developing a new feature or fixing a bug;
- Long-lived branches exist for a longer time, such as for the duration of the project.
The following table shows a quick summary of the differences between the two:
|Short-lived Branch||Long-lived Branch|
|Purpose:||Created for a specific feature or issue.||Serves as the primary branch for the project.|
|Example:||feature branches, bug-fix branches, etc.||
|Creation:||Typically created from a long-lived branch.||Typically created from a specific starting point, which is often the most stable and up-to-date version of the project's codebase.|
|Management:||Can be created and merged by individual contributors.||Typically managed by a project maintainer or team.|
|Duration:||Short-lived and usually deleted once merged.||Long-lived and rarely deleted.|
|Stability:||May not always be in a stable state.||Should always be in a stable state.|
|Updates:||May have more frequent commits and pushes.||Commits and pushes may be less frequent.|
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