How to Get HTML "color" input Element Value in RGB Using JavaScript?

Converting HTML input "color" value from hexadecimal to RGB

The HTML <input type="color" /> element accepts/stores its value in the "#rrggbb" hexadecimal format. You can convert this hexadecimal value to an RGB value in JavaScript, in the following way:

const inputVal = '#e5e5e5';

const red = parseInt(inputVal.substring(1, 3), 16);
const green = parseInt(inputVal.substring(3, 5), 16);
const blue = parseInt(inputVal.substring(5, 7), 16);

const rgb = [red, green, blue]; // [229, 229, 229]

This works by taking two characters each in the hexadecimal string ("#rrggbb") for red, green, and blue channels (in an RGB color) respectively, and parsing each value using the Number.parseInt() method with a radix of 16.

If you add a "change" event listener on the input element and do the conversion in its callback, then you can convert colors of the <input type="color" /> element everytime a new color is picked. For example, consider the following <input type="color" /> element:

<input id="color-picker" type="color" />

You would add the change event on it (with the Hex to RGB conversion code) in the following way:

const input = document.getElementById('color-picker');

input.addEventListener('change', function (event) {
    const inputVal = event.target.value;

    const red = parseInt(inputVal.substring(1, 3), 16);
    const green = parseInt(inputVal.substring(3, 5), 16);
    const blue = parseInt(inputVal.substring(5, 7), 16);

    const rgb = [red, green, blue];

    console.log(rgb);

    // ...
});

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