In Python, you can get the sum of all integers in a list by using the `sum`

method:

sum = sum([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]) print(sum) # 15

However, this *does not* work on a list of integer strings:

```
# TypeError: unsupported operand type(s) for +: 'int' and 'str'
sum(['1', '2', '3', '4', '5'])
```

Therefore, to calculate the sum of a list of integer strings, you can do either of the following:

## Converting Integers Using `map()`

Before `sum()`

You can use the `map()`

method to convert each item in a list to an integer before calling the `sum()`

method, for example, like so:

sum(map(int, numbers))

This can be used in the following way:

def list_sum(numbers): return sum(map(int, numbers)) print(list_sum(['1', '2', '3', '4', '5'])) # 15 print(list_sum([1, '2', 3, '4', 5])) # 15 print(list_sum([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])) # 15 print(list_sum(['1', '-2', '3', '-4', '5'])) # 3 print(list_sum([])) # 0

When a non-numeric value is encountered, this function would throw an error.

## Converting Integers Using List Comprehension Before `sum()`

List comprehensions provide a short syntax to create a new list, where the result of some operation can be applied to each element of an existing list. You can use this to convert each member of an existing list to an integer and add the result to a new list. This can be done using the following code:

sum(int(num) for num in numbers)

This can be used in the following way:

def list_sum(numbers): return sum(int(num) for num in numbers) print(list_sum(['1', '2', '3', '4', '5'])) # 15 print(list_sum([1, '2', 3, '4', 5])) # 15 print(list_sum([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])) # 15 print(list_sum(['1', '-2', '3', '-4', '5'])) # 3 print(list_sum([])) # 0

When a non-numeric value is encountered, this function would throw an error.

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