How to Extract Query Params From a String URL in PHP?

Find out how you can extract query params from a string URL in PHP

In this post, you're going to learn about extracting key/value params from a URL string (which is different from getting the query string as key/value pairs from the current page's URL).

Extract Query String Part From a URL String

To extract the query string part from a string URL you can simply use the parse_url() function, for example, like so:

$url = 'https://designcise.com/?key1=value1&key2=value2';

echo parse_url($url, PHP_URL_QUERY);

// output: 'key1=value1&key2=value2'

Create an Array of Query Params From String URL

To get the query string params as an array you can use the parse_str() function after extracting the query string part from the URL string. For example:

$url = 'https://designcise.com/?key1=value1&key2=value2';
$queryStr = parse_url($url, PHP_URL_QUERY);
parse_str($queryStr, $queryParams);

echo var_dump($queryParams); // output: [ 'key1' => 'value1', 'key2' => 'value2' ]

This would also correctly parse duplicate key names followed by square brackets (for example, ?key[]=value1&key[]=value2) into a numerically indexed child array belonging to that key. For example:

$url = 'https://designcise.com/?key[]=value1&key[]=value2';
$queryStr = parse_url($url, PHP_URL_QUERY);
parse_str($queryStr, $queryParams);

echo var_dump($queryParams); // output: [ 'key' => ['value1', 'value2'] ]

Similarly, if the squared brackets had some text between them, they would be correctly parsed into an associative array belonging to the parent key. For example:

$url = 'https://designcise.com/?key[foo]=value1&key[bar]=value2';
$queryStr = parse_url($url, PHP_URL_QUERY);
parse_str($queryStr, $queryParams);

echo var_dump($queryParams); // output: [ 'key' => ['foo' => 'value1', 'bar' => 'value2'] ]

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