# How to Convert Positive Numbers to Negative in Python?

In Python, you can convert a positive number to negative in the following ways:

If you wish to always return a negative number (i.e. retain the sign of a negative number whilst ensuring that any positive number is converted to negative), then you can first convert the number to its absolute form, and then negate it.

## Using Unary Minus Operator

You may convert a positive number to negative by using the unary minus operator (`-`) like so:

```-n
```

For example, you can use this in the following way:

```num = 1234
negated = -num

print(negated) # -1234
```

## Using Arithmetic Operators

You may convert a positive number to negative by simply multiplying it by `-1`:

```n * -1
```

You can also divide the number by `-1` (but you will have to convert the result to int as it would return a float):

```int(n / -1)
```

Alternatively, you may subtract the number from `0`:

```0 - n
```

You could use any of these to convert a positive number to a negative number, for example, like so:

```num = 1234
negated = num * -1

print(negated) # -1234
```
```num = 1234
negated = int(num / -1)

print(negated) # -1234
```
```num = 1234
negated = 0 - num

print(negated) # -1234
```

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