How to Add a Value to the Beginning of an Array in JavaScript?

Find out how you can add a new element to the front of an array in JavaScript

In JavaScript, you can add an element to the start of an existing array in the following ways:

Using the Spread Syntax (...)

You can create a new array to which you can add the new element as the first element, and unpack/expand the existing array(s) right after, for example, like so:

// ES6+
const existingArr = ['bar', 'baz'];
const newArr = ['foo', ...existingArr];

console.log(newArr); // ['foo', 'bar', 'baz']

This does not mutate/modify the original array.

Using Array.prototype.concat()

You can use the Array.prototype.concat() method to merge/join two (or more) arrays together — where the first array only has one element and the second one is the existing array. When both arrays are merged, a new array would be created with the element from the first array being the first element in the new array. For example:

const existingArr = ['bar', 'baz'];
const newArr = ['foo'].concat(existingArr);

console.log(newArr); // ['foo', 'bar', 'baz']

This does not mutate/modify the original array.

Using Array.prototype.unshift()

You can add an item to the front of an existing array using the Array.prototype.unshift() method like so:

const existingArr = ['bar', 'baz'];
existingArr.unshift('foo');

console.log(existingArr); // ['foo', 'bar', 'baz']

As you can see from the example above, using the Array.prototype.unshift() method mutates/modifies the original array.

Using Array.prototype.splice()

You can add an item to the front of an existing array using the Array.prototype.splice() method like so:

const existingArr = ['bar', 'baz'];
existingArr.splice(0, 0, 'foo');

console.log(existingArr); // ['foo', 'bar', 'baz']

As you can see from the example above, using the Array.prototype.splice() method mutates/modifies the original array.


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